"Several informed sources have told me that an appendix to this Report was removed at the instruction of the DOJ at the last minute. This appendix is reported to have information about a CIA officer, not agent or asset, but officer, based in the LA Station, who was in charge of Contra related activities. According to these sources, this individual was associated with running drugs to South Central L.A., around 1988. Let me repeat that amazing omission. The recently released CIA Report Vol II contained an appendix, which was pulled by the DOJ, that reported a CIA officer in the LA Station was hooked into drug running in South Central Los Angeles." Maxine Waters Oct, 1998https://fas.org/irp/congress/1998_cr/h981013-coke.htm
MSM / History Channel EXPOSES Government ties to the drugs trade – America’s War on Drugs SERIES 2017
Former U.S. Drug Agents Allege CIA Government ties to major traffickers-Souither Air Transport (SAT) pilotBuzz Sawyer and Eugene Hasenfus shot down in Barry Seal's former C-123, setting off the Iran -Contra affair
Get it here, Now!https://thepiratebay.org/search/americas%20%20war%20on%20drugs/0/99/0
Part 2 DEA Agent Celerino Castillo III accuses George HW Bush of knowing about the Contras drug OP at Ilopango. Footage of John Kerry questioning drug pilots in front of his Senate committee, Ex Dea Mike Levine describes CIA Agent Roberto Suarez's take over of an entire country (Bolivia) Using Nazi Merceneries lead by the Infamous Klaus Barbie. Former chief of The DEA El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC) Phil Jordan Speaks on Camera
MSM / History Channel Exposes CIA-Drug Ties In new Series (Watch it Now)
https://www.history.com/shows/americas-war-on-drugsFeatured ++++Ex Dea agents Cele Castillo III, Mike Levine, Ex-Huffington Post editor Ryan GrimmBolivia taken over by drug lord Roberto Suarez using Nazi Mercenaries. Drugs run in Laos by Air America, Vang Pao, Theodore Shackley. The crash of Barry Seal’s plane and the Iran Contra Drug connection.
The series, executive produced by Julian P. Hobbs, Elli Hakami, and Anthony Lappé, is a standard TV documentary; there’s the amalgam of interviews, file footage, and dramatic recreations. What’s not standard is the story told on camera by former Drug Enforcement Administration operatives as well as journalists and drug dealers themselves. (One of the reporters is Ryan Grim, The Intercept’s Washington bureau chief and author of “This Is Your Country on Drugs: The Secret History of Getting High in America.”)
There’s no mealy mouthed truckling about what happened. The first episode opens with the voice of Lindsay Moran, a one-time clandestine CIA officer, declaring, “The agency was elbow deep with drug traffickers.”
Then Richard Stratton, a marijuana smuggler turned writer and television producer, explains, “Most Americans would be utterly shocked if they knew the depth of involvement that the Central Intelligence Agency has had in the international drug trade.”
Next, New York University professor Christian Parenti tells viewers, “The CIA is from its very beginning collaborating with mafiosas who are involved in the drug trade because these mafiosas will serve the larger agenda of fighting communism.”
off topic-- Relevant to the History Channel Drug War Series:
National Security Archive Publishes Declassified Record on Former Agency Asset and Suspect in Deadly Cuban Jetliner Bombing
Visit Cuba Progect page >>
Washington, D.C., May 23, 2018 - CIA-trained Cuban exile and suspect in the 1976 Cuban jetliner bombing that killed all 73 people on board, Luis Posada Carriles, has died at the age of 90.
The National Security Archive’s Cuba Project Director Peter Kornbluh has fought for the release of U.S. documents to shed light on Carriles’s activities and provide historical evidence for his victims for over a decade. Kornbluh said of Carriles and his U.S.-backing, "The CIA created and unleashed a Frankenstein."
Below is a selection of the declassified record on Carriles and his crimes:
By The Associated Press
MIAMI — Former CIA operative and militant Cuban exile Luis Posada Carriles, who was accused of organizing a string of 1997 Havana hotel bombings and a 1976 Cuban airline bombing that killed 73 people, has died. He was 90.
Luis Posada Carriles was a "CIA-created Frankenstein."
PANAMA BOMBING ATTEMPT:Posada Terrorized by DNABY JEAN-GUY ALLARDON September 25, 2001, after Luis Posada Carriles and his accomplices had refused on several occasions to submit toDNA tests to demonstrate their direct link with explosives found in their vehicle, the Panamanian authorities decided touse the powers afforded them by law to force the suspects to hand over blood and hair samples. Posada, together with Gaspar Jiménez, Guillermo Novo and Pedro Remónwere taken to the Panamanian Institute of Legal Medicine.According to a report by Argentina Barrera Flores, a first circuit judgeresponsible for the case at the time, “they were informed of the decision andthat it was compulsory.”But in front of the Institute’s experts and legal representatives, Posada and hishenchmen retorted that “they would in no way allow them to take thosesamples.”They reiterated that “they would not allow the technician or any other personto touch them,” and then refused to sign a document attesting to the fact thatthey had refused to provide the samples.Law No. 80 of the Republic of Panama, passed on November 23, 1998,establishes the compulsory nature of DNA testing and implicitly indicates thatrefusal to provide samples constitutes an admission of guilt.THE BLACK BRIEFCASE AND THE RED MITSUBISHIFor the Panamanian judicial system, there is no doubt that the explosives found after the arrest of Posada and his crewthanks to the cooperation of their Panamanian driver, entered the country at the Paso Canoa border point on November 16,2000 in a bag carried by Gaspar Jiménez. There were no less than 33.44 kilos of military explosives…an amount that wouldclearly provoke a disaster.To better understand what happened, we should recap on the chronology of the conspirators’ movements in thoseNovember days leading up to the Ibero-American Summit where they planned to assassinate the Cuban President and allthose who would have been present at the university.November 3 - Posada arrives in Panama from Costa Rica through the Paso Canoas border point, using a false passport -No. A143258 under the name of Franco Rodríguez Mena - a gift from his friends in El Salvador. (He had already used thesame false document on a previous reconnaissance trip on August 12, 2000).November 6 - At 10.28am, Posada appears at the Las Vegas hotel apartments in Panama where he rents Room 215. Fromthere he contacts his buddy César Matamoros, a Cuban (with drug trafficking convictions) resident in the Panamaniancapital who offers his employee José Manuel Hurtado as Posada’s driver.Hurtado will go on to play a central role in events. This modest black worker that Matamoros uses as if he were his ownproperty, will spontaneously cooperate with the judicial system in the first stage after the arrest of the conspirators, untilhis white boss and Posada’s mafioso advisors direct him otherwise.November 8 - Hurtado sees Posada who says that he wishes to change hotels. Some 500 meters from the Las Vegas, theyvisit the Coral Suites hotel apartments where Posada reserves a room.November 9 - Posada goes to Tocumen airport in the capital with Hurtado to collect his Cuban-Salvadoran friend RaúlHamouzava (a fugitive from Panamanian justice since these events took place). At the Dollar Rent-A-Car agency, Posadaand Hamouzova hire a red Mitsubishi Lancer with license plate 223 251, which Hurtado will drive.November 14 - At five a.m. Posada leaves Panama City with Hurtado in the hired car and heads for the province of Chiriquiwhere his friend, drug trafficker José Valladares (“Pepe the Cuban”) has a ranch called Jacu, in a region bordering onCosta Rica and the neighboring Paso Canoas border post.November 15 - Guillermo Novo arrives at Paso Canoas and presents himself to Panamanian immigration, carrying a validU.S. passport No. 043788076.November 16 - Posada and Novo collect Pedro Remón and Gaspar Jiménez at the same Panamanian immigration point.Hurtado puts both men’s luggage in the red Mitsubishi. Amongst the suitcases is one black bag bearing the logo of theMiami Marlins and The Miami Herald, in which three days later on November 19, the police will find the explosives inPanama City.Jiménez crosses the border using a false U.S. passport (No. 044172940) in the name of Manuel Díaz, and Remón a validU.S. passport (No. 084987631). Later, it will come to light that Jiménez had arrived in Costa Rica on the 13th, two daysbefore crossing the border…Remón for his part, arrives from Miami, after a badly explained one-day stay in Atlanta, Georgia where he allegedly tookpart in a trade seminar.Important detail: before the judge, Remón explains that he had met his buddy Jiménez in San José’s Best Western Hotel inCosta Rica, so as to then travel with him by plane to Coto 47 airport on the border. According to the Attorney General’sreport, Remón then explained that “for physiological reasons, he went into the undergrowth where he also used theopportunity to take out the GPS (Global Positioning System) that he was carrying and fix the geographical position of thelocation.” A strange action that remains to be explained.THE EXPLOSIVES, FOR JIMÉNEZHurtado, seen here leaving the court, willplay a central role during the trial. That same day (16th), following a meeting at the Jacu ranch, Posada, Novo and Remón travel by plane on the Aeroperlaairline from the city of David (Chiriqui) to Panama City.Posada, author of the mid-flight explosion of a Cubana Aviation plane in 1976 that caused the deaths of 73 people, did notwant to travel by plane with the explosives…He orders Jiménez to drive with Hurtado to the capital by road in the redMitsubishi…with the black bag containing 33.44 kilos of military explosives in the trunk.Before the judge, Jiménez will claim that he traveled by car for health reasons: “because it’s a small plane and could causea blood clot.”Posada and Remón arrive at Coral Suites in the afternoon and Jiménez at around 11:00 p.m. The first two are occupyingRoom 310 and Jiménez joins Novo in 509 (the most expensive in the hotel). Both rooms were reserved well in advance byPosada. On this night, Hurtado leaves the keys of the red Mitsubishi with Jiménez and goes home in a taxi.November 17 - Jiménez and Novo go for a drive, passing close by the Cesar Park hotel - the venue of the Ibero-AmericanSummit - and then around the grounds of the university where Fidel is due to address 1,500 people in the auditorium somehours later. They are with Hurtado, the driver, in another vehicle - a black Mitsubishi Lancer - that Novo has rented.Remón provides another Mitsubishi rental; a Galant model that he is using with Posada.Hours later, Posada will order Hurtado to take the red Mitsubishi to be cleaned with a view to returning it the following day.We should remember that it was in this car that the explosives were transported from the border.According to Hurtado, he was only ordered to clean this car and not the others.Around four in the afternoon, several Panamanian police agents who had been alerted by Fidel minutes before in a pressconference of the presence of terrorists in the Coral Suites hotel apartments, surround the place under the orders of RogerDiez Quintero, chief of the Security Division of the Judicial Technical Police, and Inspector Ignacio Taylor.They observe two individuals who, on seeing the police arrive, cross the road in a suspicious manner. It is Remón andNovo, who are stopped and then arrested by Detective Faustino Portugal.Arriving at the car wash, driver Hurtado realizes - according to his later statement - “that Mr. Posada had left a case that healways carried with him on the back seat of the car.” Concerned about the strange contents, he calls his boss, Matamoros,who tells him “to give it to the Cubans”, referring to Posada and his companions.Suspecting that he has been involved in a criminal act, Hurtado returns to the hotel apartments but sees the policepresence at the moment when they are about to penetrate the entrance to Coral Suites with “the emergency lightsflashing”, according to investigators. He then accelerates and is pursued by Inspector Taylor in a police vehicle, headingfor nearby España Avenue where he disappears amongst the traffic.Minutes later, Posada and his accomplices, all under arrest are questioned about the red Mitsubishi but affirm that they“know nothing about the car”, according to Taylor’s subsequent report.November 19 - Located by detectives, Hurtado takes police captain Feliciano Benítez to a patch of waste ground close toTocumen airport where they unearth the famous black bag with the Marlins logo containing the explosives, a deviceidentified by explosive experts as a firing system, a remote control device and five “Marine Band” radios amongst otheritems.The cartridges contained in the explosives bear the stamp “Costa Rica”.Inside the bag they also find a white towel with black, yellow and chocolate-colored stains and another with chocolate andgray stains. A subsequent analysis by a criminal expert reveals that the towels were used on mixing the explosives.The chemical test carried out by expert Eybar Castillo will reveal the presence of “human hairs”.THEY ALL REFUSE TO COOPERATE WITH JUSTICEOn December 6 and 7, 2000, barely three weeks after the suspects are arrested, the Attorney General summons them inorder to receive their statements. However, the four detainees flatly refuse to testify on the events. They also refuse toundergo psychiatric and handwriting tests requested by the Attorney General.It will be six months before they begin to talk, tell lies and once again demonstrate their total unwillingness to cooperatewith justice.They continue refusing to submit to the DNA test , despite the insistence and subsequent order by the judicial authorities.According to the Panamanian Attorney General’s report, Law 80 “anticipates a grave indication” against those guilty ofsuch behavior.The explanation is simple of course. Posada and his accomplices are terrified that this simple laboratory test wouldestablish, beyond all doubt, that they are the owners of the black bag bearing The Miami Herald logo.And that they do indeed deserve a long stay behind bars not just for this conspiracy but for their numerous and atrociouspast crimes, and the danger represented by these international terrorists financed and directed by the Miami mafia.Source: http://insidecostarica.com/specialreports/panama_posada.htm
Oliver North on the day of his indictment, March 16, 1988. (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration)
Edited by Malcolm Byrne
For more information, contact:Malcolm Byrne at 202-994-7000 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Pattern of Deception, Personal Corruption, Deals with Narco-Traffickers Bueso and Noriega Highlighted in Declassified Documents
Cover Story – Ollie’s World or How a secret airstrip in Costa Rica fueled a global scandalKARL KAHLER - MAR 02, 2018
5:30 AM PDT 9/29/2017 by Tatiana Siegel
Why Bill Clinton And George W. Bush Are Portrayed In A Tom Cruise Movie About An Infamous Drug Smuggler"I just wanted to just sort of say, 'We're not ignorant of those allegations,’” said American Made director Doug Liman. Warning: This story contains SPOILERS.
Posted on September 20, 2017, at 2:14 p.m. Adam B. VaryBuzzFeed News Reporter
The poster for the movie "American Made," to be released Friday, Sept. 29, shows a grinning, cocky Tom Cruise as the drug smuggler Barry Seal, hauling a duffle bag bursting with cash. "It's not a felony if you're doing it for the good guys," the poster teases. The film's trailer has Seal casually boasting about his simultaneous work for "the CIA, the DEA and Pablo Escobar."
One critic was led to ask: "So, was Seal a triple agent?" Perhaps. The producers say this swaggering story, based mostly in Arkansas, is all "based on a true lie."
"American Made" is Hollywood's second film about Seal, the trafficker-turned-government-informant who is fast becoming America's most intriguing outlaw. HBO released the first, "Doublecrossed," starring Dennis Hopper as Seal, in 1991, five years after Seal's controversial murder.
When Cruise's film was announced, its title was going to be "Mena," after the town in Arkansas where a local company hid Seal's aircraft and modified them for drug drops. I was a reporter focusing on drugs in the 1980s, but I learned of Seal's three-year presence at Mena only after the night in 1986 when Colombian assassins gunned him down in Baton Rouge, La.
I became one of many reporters who tried to untangle Seal's story and, though that task ultimately proved impossible, I did learn a lot about him. But now, the bits and pieces collected about Seal have provided enough material — enough "true lies" — for Hollywood to weave into films that enlarge his legend.
But his actual story is littered with dead ends — secrets that are still being carefully kept — especially in Arkansas. And here, I'm sorry to say, some police records that were open to the public 20 years ago are apparently no longer available.
I wouldn't know this if it weren't for Cruise's film. When it was announced with a planned release in 2016, Rod Lorenzen, the manager of Butler Center Books, a division of the Butler Center for Arkansas Studies, asked me to write a history of Seal's time in Arkansas to correspond with the movie's release. I was honored. The Butler Center is part of the highly respected Arkansas Studies Institute, a creation of the Central Arkansas Library System and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock.
I'm a huge admirer of the ASI and consider its staff my friends. Yet I declined. I told Lorenzen that the book he proposed would be too hard to write; that there were still too many people in power — in both political parties — who did not want Seal's full story told.
But Lorenzen persisted. I began to waver, recalling the words of some Arkansans who'd known Barry Seal.
"I can arrest an old hillbilly out here with a pound of marijuana and a local judge and jury would send him to the penitentiary," a former sheriff at Mena in 1988 had said, "but a guy like Seal flies in and out with hundreds of pounds of cocaine and he stays free."
The prosecuting attorney there had avowed: "I believe that the activities of Mr. Seal came to be so valuable to the Reagan White House and so sensitive that no information concerning Seal's activities could be released to the public. The ultimate result was that not only Seal but all of his confederates and all of those who worked with or assisted him in illicit drug traffic were protected by the government."
And this, by the Internal Revenue Service agent who'd found evidence of money laundering at Mena: "There was a cover-up."
Nothing had changed with regard to Seal since those men spoke those words, except that the savage war on drugs had ground on, while Seal — whatever he was — remained a hidden but important part of its history. Finally, I told Lorenzen I would write the book; I would document as much as I could of Seal's secretive Arkansas years.
We agreed that the book would be called "The Mena File: Barry Seal's Ties to Drug Lords and U.S. Officials." Lorenzen commissioned a cover while I began my research by contacting the Arkansas State Police. I knew the agency had an extensive file on Seal because I'd read it decades earlier, shortly after Seal's murder. In fact, I still had a letter from the former director advising me, in case I'd planned to make copies, that the file held some 3,000 pages.
But now, three decades after Seal's murder, State Police spokesman Bill Sadler reported that he could locate no files on Seal. None. Arkansas's Freedom of Information Act requires the release of public records, but Sadler said that, in Seal's case, the agency was unable to do that. I protested, and after weeks of back-and-forth, Sadler reported that a file on Seal had been discovered. He eventually provided a packet of 409 pages. He said this was all the agency could release after duplicates and documents that are exempt from public disclosure were removed.
Even allowing for duplicates and legal exemptions, I would find the reduction of publicly available records, from 3,000 pages 20 years ago to just over 400 now, disturbing. My concern increases when the case is one of national interest that's also replete with political connections. As Sadler suggested, the state police in the past may have made too much available. On the other hand, if the grip on information about Seal has been tightened, the reason for this extra control might be traced to his earliest days in Arkansas.
By late 1982, when Seal moved his aircraft to Mena from his home base in Baton Rouge, federal agents had already identified him as "a major international narcotics trafficker." Police watching Mena's airport notified federal authorities that a fat man from Louisiana had begun frequenting an aircraft modification company there called Rich Mountain Aviation.
That same year, President Ronald Reagan appointed Asa Hutchinson, already a tough, anti-drug crusader, as U.S. attorney for the Western District of Arkansas. Wanting to keep tabs on Seal, Hutchinson ordered William Duncan, an investigator for the IRS, to watch for signs of money laundering around Mena resulting from Seal's presence.
Another investigator, Russell Welch of the State Police, was assigned to look for evidence of cocaine arriving there. Duncan and Welch both told me that being assigned to Seal ended up ruining their careers.
Welch said he began to suspect that something was amiss one night in December 1983, when he and several other law enforcement officers had staked out the airport, watching for Seal. He said they'd seen the smuggler and his co-pilot land and taxi to a hangar at Rich Mountain Aviation, where workers installed an illegal, extra fuel tank in the plane.
Welch said that Seal had taken off into the wintry night, fast and without lights. But what he remembered most was how surprised he, the FBI agents and the Arkansas Game and Fish officer who'd joined them had been that, although officers for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration had met them at a motel in Mena, none had gone with them to the stakeout.
Seal had no criminal convictions at the time, but he did have a puzzling record. Ten years earlier, federal agents in Louisiana had caught him attempting to take off from an airport in Shreveport with a planeload of plastic explosives bound for Cuban ex-patriots in Mexico. Seal was charged with being part of a plot to overthrow Fidel Castro. But prosecutors abruptly dropped the case at the start of his trial. That event, relatively early in Seal's career, would later prompt speculation — unquestioned in Cruise's film — that he performed contract work for the Central Intelligence Agency.
From later court records, we know that in April 1981, before Seal moved to Mena, DEA agents in Florida had caught him in a drug sting. We know that while his case there was pending, Seal agreed to become an informant for the DEA — but that the circumstances of that deal were also strange. In the summer of 1984, facing possible life in prison if convicted, he'd flown his Lear jet to Washington, D.C., where, in a meeting with top DEA officials, he'd established the terms that would allow him to remain free.
Duncan and Welch were not informed of Seal's change of status as they pursued their respective investigations. Throughout 1984, they had no idea that Seal was supposedly working for an agency of the U.S. Department of Justice. So far as they could tell, he was a drug-runner continuing to run drugs, while the DEA remained, as both officers put it, "conspicuously absent" from Mena. The Arkansas lawmen, along with their peers in Louisiana, could scarcely have imagined all that Seal was up to that year.
From a variety of surviving court records, we know that DEA officials in Florida cooked up a plan for him to help them round up the leaders of Colombia's Medellín cartel in one dramatic sting. Suffice it to say that the plan turned into a catastrophic failure — one that exposed Seal's status as an informant to his former associates in the cartel.
With Seal's usefulness in that regard ended, he was put to another use. This time it was a political one — on behalf of Reagan's White House. Reagan wanted evidence that officials of Nicaragua's Sandinista government, which he opposed, were shipping cocaine into the U.S. After allowing CIA technicians to install hidden cameras in his C-123, Seal flew to Nicaragua and returned with photographs that he said showed Sandinista leaders helping load cocaine onto the plane.
But again, Seal was compromised. Someone who knew of the flight leaked word of it to a Washington newspaper. Seal's status as an informant was confirmed, placing his life at still greater risk.
After that, the justice department found yet another use for Seal, as U.S. attorneys began calling him to testify about his experiences with major drug dealers whom they were prosecuting. From Seal's testimony at some of those traffickers' trials, we know that he claimed to have grossed $750,000 per flight while he was smuggling for the cartel; that he continued to fly in drugs after becoming an informant; that he had smuggled about 6,000 pounds of cocaine into the U.S. during that period; and that for one of those flights alone the DEA had allowed him to keep the $575,000 he'd been paid.
But it's clear that by late 1984, Seal was getting worried. A man who had lived by secrets suddenly made the unthinkable move of agreeing to be interviewed by a reporter. Seal flew Louisiana TV reporter Jack Camp to Mena, where he allowed Camp to film him inside the C-123 as he talked about his work for the DEA, while pointing out the places where the CIA technicians had hidden their cameras.
It was only after Camp's interview aired on Baton Rouge television in late 1984 that law enforcement in Louisiana — and, quickly enough, Arkansas — accidentally learned of Seal's dual roles. But even now his status remained unclear, and federal officials weren't trying to help. Seal was still flying, apparently free, in both states, while ground crews, including workers at Rich Mountain Aviation, continued to work with him. Duncan and Welch focused their own investigations on the period before Seal became an informant.
In mid-1985, Duncan told Hutchinson that he had sworn statements from employees at Rich Mountain Aviation and Mena bankers about illegal cash deposits being made into area banks. With what he called this "direct evidence of money laundering," Duncan asked Hutchinson to subpoena 20 witnesses, all of whom, he said, wereready to testify before a federal grand jury. But Duncan said that Hutchinson balked and, in contrast to his conduct in other cases where Duncan had requested subpoenas, in this case the U.S. attorney subpoenaed only three. Later, when Duncan was asked under oath in a deposition whether he believed there was a cover-up, he replied, "It was covered up."
In August 1985, shortly after Duncan's request for subpoenas, U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese flew to Fort Smith to meet with Hutchinson. DEA Administrator John C. Lawn was with him. While the nation's two drug officials were in town, they held a press conference with Hutchinson to announce a series of raids dubbed "Operation Delta-9," which they said were meant to eradicate home-grown marijuana. Although Fort Smith sits just 70 miles north of Mena, nobody mentioned Seal. No one even mentioned cocaine.
By then, though local investigators still did not know it, Seal had become a darling of the Department of Justice. In October 1985, the President's Commission on Organized Crime invited him to be the featured speaker at a symposium in the capital attended by several top U.S. law enforcement officers. The following month Hutchinson announced that, having decided to run for Congress, he would be resigning as U.S. attorney.
At first, it looked like Hutchinson's successor, J. Michael Fitzhugh, was ready to act on the cases related to Seal. In December 1985, Fitzhugh announced that he had subpoenaed Seal to testify at a grand jury session to be held in Hot Springs. In preparation, he sent Duncan to Baton Rouge to interview Seal, and the State Police sent Welch.
When I interviewed the investigators for my book, they told me that Seal seemed weary. He and his attorney fretted that Seal's deals from Florida would not protect him in Arkansas. But, after some dickering, Seal agreed to be sworn in. "I don't want to waste these men's time," he told his attorney, Lewis Unglesby. "They have come a long way in bad weather and it's Christmas."
In the recorded interview that followed, Seal acknowledged some, if not all, of his business with Rich Mountain Aviation. He told Duncan and Welch that he had warned the company's owner that he stood "a good chance of going to jail" for the illegal modifications Rich Mountain Aviation had performed on his planes and that the owner had "better get himself a lawyer and be ready to look at pleading guilty."
But five days before the grand jury was set to convene, Fitzhugh suddenly canceled Seal's appearance, due to what he termed Seal's "lack of credibility." Duncan and Welch were incredulous. By now they knew that Seal had been invited to the Washington symposium largely because of the respect he'd won from U.S. attorneys for his testimony at high-profile trials. Duncan and Welch could not understand — and Fitzhugh never explained — why, at the last minute, he'd suddenly deemed Seal's "credibility" insufficient in Arkansas.
Seal may not have intended to show up, anyway. The pressures on him had intensified since he'd agreed to testify against Jorge Ochoa, a cartel leader who was soon to be extradited to the U.S. To prevent that from happening, the cartel had placed a half-million-dollar contract on Seal's head.
And it worked. On Feb. 19, 1986, a group of Colombian gunmen murdered Seal in the parking lot of a halfway house in Baton Rouge, where a federal judge had ordered Seal to spend nights while on court-imposed probation.
Barely four weeks later, Reagan appeared on national television to explain his opposition to Nicaragua's Sandinista government. As part of that explanation, the president held up one of Seal's photographs from inside the C-123. The image was grainy but Reagan said that it showed officials of Nicaragua's Communist government loading cocaine onto a plane that was headed to the United States.
Reagan never mentioned Seal, and the photo's authenticity was soon challenged. Nevertheless, that televised moment captured the whirlwind into which Seal flew after his move to Arkansas: the intersection of drugs, Central American politics, the DEA, the CIA and the U.S. president.
We might never have known about any of that except for what happened on Oct. 5, 1986, less than eight months after Seal's murder. The C-123 cargo plane he'd kept at the airport at Mena was once again flying over Central America when a Nicaraguan soldier shot it down. Papers found with the downed aircraft linked it to members of Reagan's White House staff and with that, the political upheaval known as the Iran-Contra scandal burst into world news. Questions about the plane led to questions about Seal, and, inevitably, some of the fallout reached Hutchinson. The former U.S. attorney had lost his initial race for Congress, and by 1996, when he was running again, many Arkansans were trying to sort out his connection to Seal.
When someone at a campaign appearance asked the candidate if there'd been a cover-up at Mena, Hutchinson replied: "All I can tell you is I started the investigation. I pursued the investigation, and I was called to run for office. And after that I was out of the loop." Hutchinson won his 1996 congressional race and two subsequent elections. He resigned from Congress in 2001 to accept an appointment by President George W. Bush as head of the DEA.
After a subsequent appointment at the Department of Homeland Security, Hutchinson returned to Arkansas, where he became the state's governor in 2015.
Soon after taking office, Hutchinson installed veteran DEA agent Bill Bryant as head of the State Police. I came along a few months later, asking to see the agency's file on Seal. When I learned how much less was available than reportedly had been in the past, I wrote to Hutchinson, hoping to ask about the difference, but he did not respond.
Bill Clinton, who was governor throughout Seal's time at Mena, has also had little to say about the smuggler's presence. While governor, Clinton was drawn uncomfortably close to questions relating to cocaine after police arrested his half-brother, Roger Clinton, on charges of distributing cocaine, and Roger Clinton reported that he'd gotten the drug from his boss, Dan Lasater, a Little Rock bond trader and financial supporter of Clinton.
Seal was dead by late 1986, when Lasater was indicted, but the FBI's investigation of Lasater produced at least one intriguing connection between the two. Billy Earle Jr. had been in the co-pilot's seat on that night in December 1983 when Seal flew into Mena to have an extra fuel tank installed. The following year, when Earle was arrested in Louisiana, Welch went there to interview him.
Earle told Welch that immediately after "the new plumbing" was installed, Seal planned to fly "to a place in southern Colombia, bordering Peru, and pick up 200 kilos of cocaine." He said the trip was for an "operation to be staged out of Carver Ranch in Belize." But, Earle said, that plan had fallen through.
In the fall of 1986, when FBI agents were investigating Dan Lasater, they questioned his personal pilot. That man reported that he had flown Lasater and his business partner, Patsy Thomasson, "to Belize to look at a horse farm that was for sale by a Roy Carver." He said that flight had taken place on Feb. 8, 1984, within weeks of the aborted trip Seal had reportedly planned to the same location. Lasater and Roger Clinton both pleaded guilty to drug charges and served time in prison. After Bill Clinton's election as president, he placed Thomasson in charge of the White House Office of Administration.
Though accusations abound, no link has ever been established between Clinton and Seal. Still, on the few occasions when the smuggler's name has come up, Clinton has sounded as "out of the loop" as Hutchinson.
At one point, while Clinton was governor, the local prosecuting attorney for Mena had attempted to act where U.S. attorneys Hutchinson and Fitzhugh had not. Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Charles E. Black wanted to impanel a state grand jury to consider evidence that people at Rich Mountain Aviation had abetted Seal's drug-trafficking operation. Realizing that such a case would cost more than his district could afford, Black had asked the governor's office for a grant of $25,000. But Black said he never received a response.
Bill Alexander, one of Arkansas's long-term Democratic congressmen, supported Black's idea. Alexander told me that he wrote to Clinton personally, repeating Black's request and explaining that questions about Seal needed to be "resolved and laid to rest." But he, too, said that he did not recall receiving a response.
Yet, later on, when a reporter asked Clinton what he had known about Seal, the governor had a somewhat different recollection. He said that, although he had authorized payment of $25,000 to fund the grand jury Black had requested, "Nothing ever came of that."
On the subject of Seal, the usually astute governor had come across as unusually uninformed. A citizens' group called the Arkansas Committee suspected that state and federal authorities had agreed to protect Seal in Arkansas. Disturbed by Clinton's apparent disinterest, members of the group at one point unfurled a 10-foot-long banner at the state Capitol that asked: WHY IS CLINTON PROTECTING BUSH? In 1992, when Clinton and George H.W. Bush opposed each other for president, neither candidate mentioned Seal.
After Clinton's election as president, when White House correspondent Sarah McClendon asked him what he knew about Mena, he remained adamant but vague as he mischaracterized Black's investigation. "It was primarily a matter for federal jurisdiction," he said. "The state really had next to nothing to do with it.
"The local prosecutor did conduct an investigation based on what was in the jurisdiction of state law. The rest of it was under the jurisdiction of the United States attorneys who were appointed successively by previous administrations. We had nothing — zero — to do with it, and everybody who's ever looked into it knows that."
Almost a decade after Seal's death, U.S. Rep. James A. Leach (R-Iowa) took an interest in what one of the people he questioned, CIA Director John Deutch, later described as "allegations of money laundering and other activities" in Mena. As chairman of the House Banking Committee, Leach was well positioned to investigate such claims. He told reporters: "We have more than sufficient documentation that improprieties occurred at Mena. This isn't a made-up issue. There are grounds to pursue it very seriously."
In a letter to the DEA, Leach asked the agency to provide all documents relating to "possible ties between activities at Mena Airport and the use of a private airstrip at a similarly remote location near Taos, New Mexico, at a ski resort called Angel Fire" — a resort owned by Lasater. Leach wrote: "Published reports indicate that DEA conducted at least two separate investigations of alleged money laundering and drug trafficking in or around Angel Fire, the first in approximately 1984, and the second in 1988-1989." He said the second investigation was triggered by allegations from former Angel Fire employees "that the resort was the focal point for 'a largecontrolled substance smuggling operation and large-scale money laundering activity.' "
Leach added: "The alleged activity at Angel Fire was roughly contemporaneous with the money laundering and narcotics trafficking alleged to have taken place in or around Mena Airport during the period 1982-1986."
Leach sent congressional investigators to Arkansas. And he asked the U.S. Customs Service what it knew about "the disposition of potentially ill-gotten gains by Seal or his associates," especially with regard to "a piece of property in Belize known variously as the Cotter, Cutter or Carver Ranch," because, "Barry Seal allegedly used this property in his narcotics trafficking operations and attempted to buy it in 1983."
Little more was heard of Leach's investigation for the next three years. Finally, in 1999, a reporter for The Wall Street Journal inquired about its status. Leach's spokesman responded that investigators were "putting the finishing touches" on their report.
But that was the last the public heard. The House Banking Committee's investigation into what Leach called the "improprieties" relating to Mena has never been released.
And my book, "The Mena File?" It was not published, either. I'd completed the manuscript, with hundreds of supporting notes, by this time last year. Lorenzen, who had prepared the index, was pleased. The book was listed in the University of Arkansas Press catalog and for presale on sites such as Amazon.com.
It was time for an attorney to read the manuscript to make sure it contained nothing libelous. This vetting process is standard for books of contemporary nonfiction, especially those involving crimes. Having been through the process with publishers of my other books, I understood the need and was ready. I was also unconcerned, in part because I'd been careful, but also because the most serious allegations — those concerning Rich Mountain Aviation — had already been vetted years ago for a section about Seal in my book, "The Boys on the Tracks."
But I was in for a shock. Lorenzen told me that his boss, David Stricklin, the ASI's director, had suddenly expressed some "concerns" about the book. Lorenzen further reported that, while these concerns were legal in nature, Stricklin had said the ASI could not afford to have the manuscript vetted.
Neither the decision nor Lorenzen's explanation that "we're just a shoestring press" made sense. From the start, the book was intended to be a solid work of Arkansas history buoyed by a major Hollywood film. What's more, Random House had already contracted to buy its audio rights and paid an advance.
From a business point of view, the ASI's position defied logic. I asked Lorenzen if the newly arisen concerns might be political rather than financial, but was told nothing more. Lorenzen proposed rescinding our contract. Seeing no reasonable way forward, I agreed. As I'd written the book without an advance, the deal's undoing was simple.
By now I've had a year to reflect on my experiences in writing about Seal, as well as those of Duncan, Welch, Black, Alexander, members of the Arkansas Committee, and others who've tried to shed light on his time in Arkansas. None of us much succeeded.
So I'm glad that at least Hollywood has found Seal's "true lies" worth exploring. Too many secrets have been kept for too long; too much important history has been hidden, lost or destroyed. Let's hope that Cruise's high-powered version of Seal prompts an equally high-powered demand for disclosure of all government records on him, especially after his move to Mena.
Mara Leveritt is author of "The Boys on the Tracks," "Devil's Knot" and "Dark Spell."
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* Several informed sources have told me that an appendix to this Report was removed at the instruction ofthe Department of Justice at the last minute. This appendix is reported to have information about a CIAofficer, not agent or asset, but officer, based in the Los Angeles Station, who was in charge of Contra relatedactivities. According to these sources, this individual was associated with running drugs to South CentralLos Angeles, around 1988. Let me repeat that amazing omission. The recently released CIA Report Volume IIcontained an appendix, which was pulled by the Department of Justice, that reported a CIA officer in the LAStation was hooked into drug running in South Central Los Angeles. * I have not seen this appendix. But the sources are very reliable and well-informed. The Department of Justice mustrelease that appendix immediately. If the Department of Justice chooses to withhold this clearly vital information, theoutrage will be severe and widespread.* We have finally seen the CIA admit to have knowingly employed drug dealers associated with the Contramovement. I look forward to a comprehensive investigation into this matter by the Permanent Select Committee onIntelligence, now that the underlying charges have finally been admitted by the CIA
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